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For the flora, see oxalis.
it's been urged that soursop be unified into this text. (Discuss) planned since calendar month 2013.
this text depends Associate in Nursing excessive amount of on references to primary sources. Please improve this text by adding secondary or tertiary sources. (September 2013)
Annona muricata emu. subonica
Soursop fruit, whole and in longitudinal section
Soursop, raw biological process worth per a hundred g (3.5 oz)
Energy 276 kJ (66 kcal)
Sugars 13.54 g
Dietary fiber three.3 g
Pantothenic acid (B5)
Link to executive department info entry
μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams
IU = International units
Percentages unit roughly approximated victimization u. s. of America recommendations for adults.
Source: executive department Nutrient info
A. muricata flower
Soursop fruit on a tree
Soursop is that the fruit of soursop, a deciduous, flowering, evergreen tree native to North yank country, Cuba, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America, primarily South yank country, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Puerto Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. Soursop is else created in some parts of continent, considerably in japanese Federal Republic of African nation, geographical area then the Pacific. it's at intervals identical genus as a results of the chirimoya then identical family as a results of the pawpaw.
The soursop is ready-made to areas of status and comparatively heat winters; temperatures below five °C (41 °F) can cause injury to leaves and small branches, and temperatures below three °C (37 °F) square measure about to be fatal. The fruit becomes dry and isn't from now on sensible for concentrate.
Other common names include: Coração Delaware Boi (Mozambique), Evo (Ewe, Conte Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Count Alessandro Volta Region, Ghana), Ekitafeeli (Uganda), Mtomoko (Swahili), Aluguntugui (Ga, larger capital of Ghana Region, Ghana), guanábana (Spanish), graviola (Brazilian Portuguese, pronounced: [ɡɾɐviˈɔlɐ]), anona (European Portuguese), graviolo (Esperanto), corossol (French), kowosòl (Haitian Creole), කටු අනෝදා (Katu Anoda) (Sinhalese), sorsaka (Papiamento), adunu (Acholi), Brazilian pawpaw, guyabano, guanavana, toge-banreisi, durian benggala, durian belanda, nangka blanda, ทุเรียนเทศ [turi:jen te:k] (Thai), sirsak (Indonesia), zuurzak (Dutch), tomoko (Kiswahili), and nangka londa. In Tamil, Malayalam, it's referred to as Mullatha, with regards to thorny dish apple. the opposite lesser-known Indian names unit shul-ram-fal and Lakshmana Phala, and in Harar (Ethiopia) in Harari language celebrated for several years as Amba Shoukh (Thorny Mango or Thorny Fruit).
The flavour has been depicted as a combination of strawberry and pineapple, with bitter citrus flavour notes contrastive with associate underlying creamy flavour paying deference to coconut or banana.
Soursop is wide promoted (sometimes as "graviola") as Associate in Nursing alternate cancer treatment. There is, however, no medical proof that it's effective.
4.2 utterly completely different cancer treatment
5 See also
seven External links
The plant is grownup as an ad herb crop for its 20–30 cm (7.9–11.8 in) long, prickly, inexperienced fruit, that might have a mass of up to fifteen pound (6.8 kg), creating it presumptively the second biggest magnoliid magnoliopsid genus once the junglesop.
Fruit and leaves of soursop
Away from its native house, some restricted production happens as means that north as southern FL among executive department Zone 10; but, these unit in the main garden plantings for native consumption. it's place along grownup in parts of geographical area and copious on the Island of Mauritius. The soursop can reportedly fruit as a instrumentality specimen, even in temperate climates, if protected from cool temperatures.
The flesh of the fruit consists of associate edible, white pulp, some fiber, and a core of indigestible , black seeds. The species is that the sole member of its genus applicable for methodology and preservation.
The pulp is else accustomed build fruit nectar, smoothies, drinkable drinks, collectively as candies, sorbets, and course flavorings.
Due to the fruit’s widespread cultivation and recognition in parts of countryside, the Caribbean, Africa, geographical area then the Pacific, soursop and its spinoff product unit consumed across the planet, place along via branded food and nutrient product accessible in several countries, in conjunction with Brazil, Mexico, Canada, the u. s., the united kingdom, eire and Continental Europe, land, Japan, Asian nation, Singapore and Vietnam.
In Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, and Harar (Ethiopia), it's a commonplace fruit, usually used for course as a results of the sole ingredient, or as associate frog fresca beverage; in South yank country and South yank nation, it's a fruit for juices, mixed with milk. course and fruit bars product of soursop also are highly regarded. The seeds unit usually left at intervals the preparation, and removed whereas overwhelming, unless a mixer is used for methodology.
In land, dodol sirsak, a confectionery, is formed by boiling soursop pulp in water and adding sugar till the mixture hardens. Soursop is else a customary ingredient for creating recent fruit juices that unit oversubscribed by street food vendors. at intervals the Philippines, it's referred to as guyabano, derived from the Spanish dish apple, and is devoured ripe, or accustomed build juices, smoothies, or afters. Sometimes, they use the leaf in tenderizing meat. In Vietnam, this fruit is understood as mãng cầu Xiêm at intervals the south, or mãng cầu at intervals the north, and is used to create smoothies, or devoured as is. In Asian nation, this fruit is understood as tearb barung, with regards to "western custard-apple fruit." In Asian nation, it's celebrated in Malay as durian belanda and in district, specifically among the Dusun folks of dominion, it's domestically referred to as lampun. Popularly, it's devoured raw once it ripens, or used joined of the ingredients in Ais Kacang or Ais Batu Campur. usually the fruits unit taken from the tree after they mature and left to ripen throughout a} terribly dark corner, whereby they are going to be devoured after they unit absolutely ripe. it's a white flower with a really pleasing scent, considerably at intervals the morning. whereas for folks in land Darussalam this fruit is popularly referred to as "Durian Salat", wide accessible and simply planted. it absolutely was presumably brought from North yank country to the Philippines by suggests that of the Manila-Acapulco sailing vessel trade.
In Australia a variant (Annona reticulata) referred to as "custard apple" is consumed as course.
Annonacin is additionally a toxic substance found in soursop seeds
The fruit contains important amounts of antioxidant, B complex and vitamin B.
The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center cautions, "alkaloids extracted from graviola might cause vegetative cell pathology and degeneration resulting in symptoms of brain disorder disease". The compound annonacin, that is contained at intervals the seeds of soursop, is additionally a toxic substance related to neurodegenerative illness, and analysis has urged a association between consumption of soursop and atypical styles of brain disorder as a results of high concentrations of annonacin.
In 2010 the French food safety agency (Agence française Delaware sécurité sanitaire des aliments) terminated that, supported the accessible analysis findings, "it isn't realizable to verify that the discovered cases of atypical Parkinson syndrome […] unit coupled to the consumption of soursop," line of labor for accessorial study on potential risks to human health.
Alternative cancer treatment
The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center lists cancer treatment joined of the "purported uses" of soursop. per Cancer analysis GB of nice uk and Northern Ireland, "Many sites on world wide net advertise and promote graviola capsules as a cancer cure, however none of them unit supported by any revered scientific cancer organisations" and "there is not any proof to denote that graviola works as a cure for cancer" and consequently they are doing not support its use as a treatment for cancer.
In 2008 a court case concerning the sale at intervals the united kingdom of nice uk and Northern Ireland of Triamazon, a soursop product, resulted at intervals the criminal conviction of somebody below the terms of the united kingdom Cancer Act for providing to treat folks for cancer. A representative for the council that instigated the action declared, "it is as necessary presently as a results of it ever was that folks unit protected from those mercantilism on trial product with spurious claims on their effects."
The Federal Trade Commission at intervals the u. s. determined that there was "no credible scientific evidence" that the extract of soursop oversubscribed by Bioque Technologies "can stop, cure, or treat cancer of any kind."
Cancer Associate in Nursingalysis UK place along free Associate in Nursing announcement concerning the alleged cancer "cure" that b these sentences: "Overall, there's no proof to denote that graviola works as a cure for cancer. In laboratory studies, graviola extracts will kill some forms of liver and cancer cells that unit proof against categorical medical care medication. however there haven’t been any massive scale studies in humans. thus we have a tendency to tend to do not understand nonetheless whether or not or not or not it's going to work as a cancer treatment or not. several sites on world wide net advertise and promote graviola capsules as a cancer cure, however none of them unit supported by any revered scientific cancer organisations. we have a tendency to tend to tend to try to to not support the employment of graviola to treat cancer."
magnoliid magnoliopsid genus crassiflora
List of ineffective cancer treatments
"Graviola (Soursop)". Blackherbals. Retrieved thirty New Style calendar month 2012.[unreliable source?]
"Can graviola cure cancer?". Cancer analysis GB of nice uk and Northern Ireland
Morton, Julia F. (1987). "Soursop (Annona muricata)". Fruits of heat climates. Purdue University. pp. 75–80. Retrieved twenty eight New Style calendar month 2012.
"Graviola". Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Retrieved calendar month 2013.
Le Ven, J.; Schmitz-Afonso, I.; Touboul, D.; Buisson, D.; Akagah, B.; Cresteil, T.; Lewin, G.; Champy, P. (2011). "Annonaceae fruits and brain disorder risk: Metabolisation study of annonacin, a model neurotoxin; analysis of human exposure". pharmacological medicine Letters 205: S50. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2011.05.197.
Lannuzel, A; Michel, P.P; Höglinger, G.U; Champy, P; Jousset, A; Medja, F; Lombès, A; Darios, F; Gleye, C; Laurens, A; Hocquemiller, R; Hirsch, E.C; Ruberg, M (2003). "The mitochondrial advanced I matter annonacin is poisonous to mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons by impairment of energy metabolism". life science 121 (2): 287–96. doi:10.1016/S0306-4522(03)00441-X. PMID 14521988.
Champy, Pierre; Melot, Alice; Guérineau Eng, Vincent; Gleye, Christophe; Fall, Djibril; Höglinger, Gunter U.; Ruberg, Merle; Lannuzel, Annie; Laprévote, Olivier; yankee Revolutionary leader, Alain; Hocquemiller, Reynald (2005). "Quantification of acetogenins inAnnona muricata coupled to atypical brain disorder in guadeloupe". Movement Disorders twenty (12): 1629–33. doi:10.1002/mds.20632. PMID 16078200.
Lannuzel, A.; Höglinger, G. U.; Champy, P.; Michel, P. P.; Hirsch, E. C.; Ruberg, M. (2006). "Is atypical brain disorder at intervals the Caribbean caused by the consumption of Annonacae?". Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementa. Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementa seventy (70): 153–7. doi:10.1007/978-3-211-45295-0_24. ISBN 978-3-211-28927-3. PMID 17017523.
Caparros-Lefebvre, Dominique; Elbaz, Alexis (1999). "Possible relation of atypical brain disorder at intervals the French the Indies with consumption of tropical plants: A case-control study". The Lancet 354 (9175): 281–6. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(98)10166-6. PMID 10440304.
"Avis Delaware l'Agence française Delaware sécurité sanitaire Delawares aliments relatif aux risques liés à la consommation Delaware corossol et Delaware ses préparations" (pdf). Agence française Delaware sécurité sanitaire des aliments. twenty eight Apr 2010. Retrieved August 2013.
"Man condemned over cancer 'cure'". BBC News. ten calendar month 2008.